Footnotes: "Breaking the Rules of Scientific Integrity"

In This Section:

Publications and Resources

by Catherine C. Shoults

1 Flaherty, D. K. (October 2011). The vaccine-autism connection: a public health crisis caused by unethical medical practices and fraudulent science. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 45(10), 1302-1304.

2 Deer, B. (January 2011). How the case against the MMR vaccine was fixed. British Medical Journal: 342:c5347. Available at See also Harris G. (Feb. 2, 2010). Journal retracts 1998 paper linking autism to vaccines. The New York Times. Available at

3 Godlee, F., Smith, J., & Marcovitch, H. (January 2011). Wakefield’s article linking MMR vaccine and autism was fraudulent. BMJ, 342. See also Retracted. The Lancet. Available at

4 Bhattacharjee, Y. (April 26, 2013). The mind of a con man. The New York Times. Retrieved from: See also Enserink, M. (Nov. 28, 2012). Stapel affair points to bigger problems in social psychology. Science Insider. Retrieved from

5 Fanelli, D. (May 2009). How many scientists fabricate and falsify research? A systematic review and meta-analysis of survey data. PLOS one, 4(5), e5738.

6 Fang, F. C., Steen, R. G., & Casadevall, A. (2012). Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(42), 17028-17033

7 Couzin-Frankel, J. (October 2012). Misconduct, not mistakes, causes most retractions of scientific papers. Science Insider. Retrieved from:

8 Author Unknown. (2002). Publication Bias. The Cochrane Collaboration open learning material. Retrieved from:

9 Office of Research Integrity, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Go online to

10 Huff, D. (1954). How to lie with statistics. New York: Penguin Books. Reprinted 1991. Available at

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