Online Extras Winter 2015

In This Section:

Publications and Resources


The following online extras accompany the print version of the winter 2015 edition of 
Phi Kappa Phi Forum, whose theme is "Patterns."

Works Cited: "Patterns of Meaning and the Metaphor of Mobility"

By Nancy Koppelman

1. Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, trans. D. F. Pears & B. F. McGuinnes (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1961), 5.6.

2. Max Beloff, Public Order and Popular Disturbances, 1660-1714 (London: Frank Cass and Co., LTD, 1963 [1938]), p. 9.

3. J. A. Simpson and E. S. L. Wiener, eds., The Compact Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition (NY: Oxford University Press, 1989), pp. 1098-1099; Raymond Williams, Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society (NY: Oxford University Press, 1985).

4. I. Bernard Cohen, Science and the Founding Fathers: Science in the Political Thought of Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and James Madison (New York & London: W.W. Norton & Co., 1997), pp. 19-59.

5. Quoted in Nicholaus Mills, The Crowd in American Literature (Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1986), p. 40.

6. Philip Kurland and Ralph Lerner, The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2000), Volume 1, Chapter 15, Document 61.

7. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, Metaphors We Live By (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994 [1980], p. 14.

8. See Stuart M. Blumin, The Emergence of the Middle Class: Social Experience in the American City, 1760-1900 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

9. Nicholas S. Timasheff, Sociological Theory: Its Nature and Growth (NY: Random House, 1967 [1955]), pp. 4, 20-22, 32-44; Herbert Spencer, First Principles (NY: DeWitt Revolving Fund, 1958 [1862]), p. 407.

10. Albion Small, “The Scope of Sociology,” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 6, 1900, pp. 377, 324.

11. P. A. Sorokin, Social and Cultural Mobility (NY: Free Press of Glenco, 1964, reprint of Social Mobility [1927] and excerpts from Social and Cultural Dynamics [1937-41]), p. 4.

12. Dorothy Ross, The Origins of American Social Science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), pp. 473, 472.

Works Cited: "Oscillations: What Effect Does the Weather Have on the Development of Human Culture"

By Dan Sandweiss

1. F. de Alcocer, 2001[1580], Probanzas de indios y españoles referentes a las catastróficas lluvias de 1578, en los corregimientios de Trujillo y Saña. In Diluvios andinos a través de las Fuentes documentales, by L. Huertas. Fondo Editorial Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima.

2. W. Cai et al., 2014, Increasing frequency of extreme El Niño events due to greenhouse warming, Nature Climate Change 4:111–116.

3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1994, Reports to the Nation: El Niño and Climate Prediction.

4. K. Sponberg, 1999, Compendium of Climatological Impacts, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Vol. 1. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Global Programs.

5. S.G. Philander, 2004, Our Affair with El Niño: How we Transformed an Enchanting Peruvian Current into a Global Climate Hazard. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

6. Rollins, H.B., J.B. Richardson III and D.H. Sandweiss, 1986, The Birth of El Niño: Geoarchaeological Evidence and Implications. Geoarchaeology 1: 3-15.

7. Scholars now suggest that we live in the Anthropocene, the epoch of human alterations of the earth so strong they will be forever marked in the geological record. There is no agreement yet on when the Anthropocene began — was it with the first atomic bomb tests? The onset of the Industrial Era? Two Smithsonian scientists, Bruce Smith and Melinda Zeder, suggest the Anthropocene began at the same time as agriculture, at the Pleistocene/Holocene transition (B.D. Smith & M.A. Zeder, 2013, The onset of the Anthropocene, Anthropocene 4:8-13).

8. D.H. Sandweiss et al., 1996, Geoarchaeological Evidence from Peru for a 5000 Years B.P. Onset of El Niño. Science 273:1531-1533; D.H. Sandweiss et al., 2001, Variation in Holocene El Niño frequencies: Climate records and cultural consequences in ancient Peru. Geology 29:603-606; C.F.T. Andrus et al., 2002, Otolith ∂18O Record of Mid-Holocene Sea Surface Temperatures in Peru. Science 295:1508-1511. Our work was based on sites north of Lima, Peru at 12˚ S latitude; recent work on mollusks from sites south of Lima show a different pattern (M. Carré et al., 2014, Holocene history of ENSO variance and asymmetry in the eastern tropical Pacific, Science 2014:1045-1048). As we learn more about ancient patterns, they become ever more complex; there is much left to learn.

Works Cited: “Patterns: Continuity for Generations of Quilters”

By Allison Carey

1. Barbara Brackman, ed., Encyclopedia of Pieced Quilt Patterns (Paducah: American Quilter’s Society, 1993). 14.

2. Brackman, Encylopedia, 4.

3. Bets Ramsey and Merikay Waldvogel, Southern Quilts: Surviving Relics of the Civil War (Nashville: Rutledge Hill Press, 1998). 28.

4. Ramsey and Waldvogel, Southern Quilts, 30.

5. Brackman, Encyclopedia, 4-5.

6. Brackman, Encyclopedia, 6.

7. Merikay Waldvogel, Soft Covers for Hard Times: Quiltmaking & The Great Depression (Nashville: Rutledge Hill Press, 1990). 91.

8. Waldvogel, Soft Covers, 14.

9. Waldvogel, Soft Covers, 54.

10. Dolores Johnson, in discussion with the author, August 2015.

11. Waldvogel, Soft Covers, ix.

12. “Mission,” International Quilt Study Center & Museum, accessed September 3, 2015.

13. “Grants and Scholarships,” American Quilt Study Group, accessed September 4, 2015.

14. “The Kentucky Quilt Project, Inc.,” Why Quilts Matter: History Art & Politics, accessed September 4, 2015.

15. Silas House, Clay’s Quilt (New York: Ballentine, 2001).

16. Lee Smith, Fair and Tender Ladies (New York: Berkley Books, 1988). 360.

17. Sharyn McCrumb, Ghost Riders (New York: Dutton, 2003). 316-17.

18. Alice Walker, “Everyday Use,” In Love & Trouble (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973). 57.

19. Walker, “Everyday Use,” 56.

20. Walker, “Everyday Use,” 56.

21. Vicki Anderson, “Moving On Up … to a Longarm,” Machine Quilting, September/October 2015. 80.

22. “Featured Artists: Joanne Alberda,” Studio Quilt Art Associates, accessed September 10, 2015.

Works Cited: “Patterns, Patterns Everywhere”

By Michael Zimmerman

1. Michael Shermer. The Believing Brain: From Ghosts and Gods to Politics and Conspiracies – How We Construct Beliefs and Reinforce Them as Truths. (New York: Times Books, 2011). 59-60.

2. You can read more about Type I and Type II errors at

3. Shermer, The Believing Brain, 60.

4. I’ve written about this topic before. Chapter Three, “Anecdote, Coincidence, and Pattern:  Understanding the Language of Science” in Science, Nonscience, and Nonsense: Approaching Environmental Literacy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997) addresses this concept.

5. Len Fisher. 2003. “Counter-Intuitive Science.”

6. Richard Dawkins. Brief Candle in the Dark: My Life in Science. (New York: ecco, 2015). 204.

Works Cited: “Regulatory Patterns in U.S. Bankling”

By Philip R. Wahl II

1. Marshall Lux and Robert Greene, “The State and Fate of Community Banking,” (working paper, M-RCBG Associate Working Paper Series No. 37, Harvard Kennedy School Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government, February 2015).

The Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi