Works Cited: "The Dishonor in Chemical Weapons"

In This Section:

Publications and Resources

by Catherine C. Shoults

1Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. (Undated). About the OPCW. Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Retrieved fromwww.opcw.org/about-opcw/

2 Norwegian Nobel Committee. (Oct. 11, 2013). The Nobel Peace Prize for 2013. Press release. Retrieved from NobelPrize.org.

3 Warrick, J. (Aug. 30, 2013). More than 1,400 killed in Syrian chemical weapons attack, U.S. says. The Washington Post. Retrieved from The Washington Post.

4 Gladstone, R. and Chivers, C. J. (Sept. 16, 2013). Forensic details in UN report point to Assad’s use of gas. The New York Times. Retrieved from The New York Times.

5 Charbonneau, L. and Nichols, M. (Sept. 16, 2013). UN confirms sarin used in Syria attack; U.S., UK, France blame Assad. Reuters. Retrieved from Reuters.com.

6 Author unknown (Oct. 14, 2013). Syria officially joins UN Chemical Weapons Convention. The Hindu. Retrieved from The Hindu.

7 Heilprin, J. (Jan. 7, 2014). UN decides to stop updating Syria death toll. The Associated Press. Retrieved from BigStory.ap.org.

8 Miles, T. (Oct. 7, 2013). UN sees 4 million more Syrians fleeing homes or country in 2014. Reuters. Retrieved from Reuters.com.

9 Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. (Undated). Brief description of chemical weapons. Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Retrieved from OPCW.org.

10 Levs, J. (Aug. 28, 2013). Syria “red line” debate: Are chemical weapons in Syria worse than conventional attacks? CNN. Retrieved from CNN.com.

11 Ibid.

12 Swarthmore College. (Sept. 4, 2013). Watch: Political scientist Dominic Tierney says Syria conflict is a “war for credibility.” Swarthmore College News & Events. Retrieved from Swarthmore.edu.

13 United Nations Office for Disarmament. (Undated). Protocol for the prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare. United Nations. Retrieved from UN.org.

14 The United Nations Office at Geneva (Undated). Disarmament: The biological weapons convention. United Nations. Retrieved from UNOG.ch.

15 International Committee of the Red Cross. (Undated). Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction, Paris 13 January 1993. International Committee of the Red Cross. Retrieved from ICRC.org.

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. (Undated). Status of participation in the CWC [Chemical Weapons Convention]. Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Retrieved from OPCW.org.

16 U.N. News Service. (Oct. 11, 2013). Security Council approves joint OPCW-UN mission to oversee destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons. U.N. News Centre. Retrieved from UN.org.

Drechsel, A. (Feb. 8, 2014). Syrian chemical weapons plan behind schedule. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved from DW.de.

17 Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. (Undated). About OPCW. Non-member states. Organizations for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. Retrieved from OPCW.org.

18 Fitzgerald, G. J. (2008). Chemical warfare and medical response during World War I. American Journal of Public Health, 98(4), 611-625. Retrieved from American Journal of Public Health.

19 Ibid.

20 Shmoop. (Undated). Looking at the past through the lens of science & technology. Science and technology in WWI. Shmoop.com. Retrieved from Shmoop.com.

21 Public Broadcasting Service. (Undated). WWI casualty and death table. PBS.org. Retrieved from PBS.org.

22 United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. (Undated). Chemical weapons. United Nations. Retrieved from UN.org.

23 Faith, T., History News Network. (Sept. 14, 2013). Thomas I. Faith: What’s the big deal about chemical weapons? Saturday Gazette-Mail. Retrieved fromWVGazette.com.

24 Heineman, B. (Sept. 9, 2013). Why chemical weapons are different. The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/09/why-chemical-weapons-are-different/279482/

25 Jones, B. (Aug. 30, 2013). Only a few people in history have dared to use sarin gas. Business Insider. Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/devastating-history-of-sarin-gas-2013-8

26 The Economist. (Aug. 31, 2013). The shadow of Ypres: How a whole class of weaponry came to be seen as indecent. The Economist. Retrieved fromEconomist.com.

27 Kelly, T. (Oct. 21. 2011). British mustard gas attack didn’t blind Hitler: His invented trenches myth concealed bout of mental illness. The Daily Mail. Retrieved fromDailyMail.co.uk.

28 See, for example: 
The Economist. (Aug. 31, 2013). The shadow of Ypres: How a whole class of weaponry came to be seen as indecent.

Erlanger, S. (Sept. 6, 2013). A weapon seen as too horrible even in war. The New York Times. Retrieved from The New York Times.

Jacobs, S. (Aug. 22 2013). Chemical warfare, from Rome to Syria. A time line.National Geographic News. Retrieved from NationalGeographic.com.

Center for Science, Technology, Medicine and Society at University of California, Berkeley. (Undated). Napalm in World War II: Invention, test, the bat-bomb, and incinerating Japan. Center for Science, Technology, Medicine and Society at University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved from Berkeley.edu.

29 Jacobs, S. (Aug. 22, 2013). Chemical warfare, from Rome to Syria. A time line.National Geographic News.

Tharoor, I. (May 7, 2013). Syria’s lurking terror: A history of sarin gas. Timemagazine. Retrieved from Time.com.

30 International Committee of the Red Cross. (Undated). Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare. Geneva, 17 June 1925. State Parties. International Committee of the Red Cross. Retrieved from ICRC.org.

31 United Nations Office at Geneva. (Undated). Disarmament: Membership of the Biological Weapons Convention. United Nations. Retrieved from UNOC.ch.

32 Norwegian Nobel Committee. (Oct. 11, 2013). The Nobel Peace Prize for 2013. Press release.


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