Online Extras Fall 2015

In This Section:

Publications and Resources


The following online extras accompany the print version of the fall 2015 edition of 
Phi Kappa Phi Forum, whose theme is "Innovation."

Works Cited: Disruptive Innovation in Cardiac Surgery

By W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr.

1 Gibbon JH Jr. Application of a mechanical heart and lung apparatus to cardiac surgery. Minn Med. 1954;37: 171–180.

2 Gruentzig A, Senning A, Siegenthaler WE. Nonoperative Dilatation of Coronary Artery Stenosis: Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty. NEJM 1979;301:63–67

3 Starr A, Edwards L. Mitral Replacement: Clinical Experience with a Ball Valve Prosthesis. Ann Surg 1961;154:726 - 40.

4 Carpentier A. Cardiac valve surgery--the "French correction" Jour Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1983;86:323 – 37

5 Cosgrove DM. The innovation Imperative. Jour Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000;120:839 – 42

6 Andersen HR, Knudsen LL, Hasenkam JM. Transluminal implantation of artificial heart valves. Description of a new expandable aortic valve and initial results with implantation by catheter technique in closed chest pigs. Eur Heart J 1992;13:704 - 8.

7 Cribier A, Eltchaninoff H, Bash A, et al. Percutaneous transcatheter implantation of an aortic valve prosthesis for calcific aortic stenosis: first human case description. Circulation 2002;106:3006 - 8.

8 Chitwood Jr WR, Rodriguez E, Chu MW, Hassan A, Ferguson TB, Vos PW, Nifong LW: Robotic Mitral Valve Repairs in 300 patients: A Single-Center Experience. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg. 2008; 136: 436 - 41.


Works Cited: "Interdisciplinarity Through Graphic Novels"

By Jason Todd

[1] Eisner, Will. Preface. The Plot: The Secret Story of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. New York: Norton, 2005. 1-3 [3]. Print.

2 Klein, J. T. & W. H. Newell. “Advancing Interdisciplinary Studies.” Handbook of the Undergraduate Curriculum. Ed. J. Gaff  & J. Ratcliff. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. 393-415 [393]. Print.

3 For a thorough discussion of the evolution of academic disciplinarity and specialization, see Arthur Dirks's "Organization of Knowledge: The Emergence of Academic Speciality in America." http:// webhost.bridgew.edu/adirks/ald/papers/orgknow.htm 

4 Zajonc, Arthur. "Attending to Interconnection, Living the Lesson." The Heart of Higher Education: A Call to Renewal. Parker J. Palmer and Arthur Zajonc. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010. 77-99 [90]. Print.

5 Tucker, Bill. "The Flipped Classroom." Education Next 12.1 (2012): 82-83. Web.


Works Cited: “Educating for Innovation”

By Michael Zimmerman

1 The piece was published on 26 March 2015 and can be accessed at http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/why-stem-wont-make-us-successful/2015/03/26/5f4604f2-d2a5-11e4-ab77-9646eea6a4c7_story.html

2 http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/pisa2012/index.asp

3 http://thelearningcurve.pearson.com/about

4 “Finland schools: Subjects scrapped and replaced with 'topics' as country reforms its education system” by Richard Garner, The Independent, 20 March 2015. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/finland-schools-subjects-are-out-and-topics-are-in-as-country-reforms-its-education-system-10123911.html?origin=internalSearch

5 “Finland's 'teaching by topic' instead of 'teaching by subject' policy actually started in Norway 40 years ago” by Richard Garner, The Independent, 29 April 2015. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/finlands-teaching-by-topic-instead-of-teaching-by-subject-policy-actually-started-in-norway-40-years-ago-10213317.html?origin=internalSearch

6 http://evergreen.edu/catalog/2014-15/index

7 Evergreen alumni surveys show that 15 years after graduation approximately 27% of Evergreen alums are self-employed or own their own businesses. (http://www.evergreen.edu/institutionalresearch/alumnisurveys_longterm.htm) This is more than three times the national average for college graduates, according to a federal government report: http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2010/09/art2full.pdf


Works Cited: “Driving Growth in an Innovation Nation”

By John T. Harding 

1 www.ec.europa.eu/innovation-union

2 Ibid

3 http://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2015/05/12/youre-doing-innovation-wrong/  

4 http://blog.trade.gov/2015/03/23/innovation-and-software-are-the-reasons-to-select-the-usa/  


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