Online Extras Fall 2015

In This Section:

Publications and Resources

The following online extras accompany the print version of the fall 2015 edition of 
Phi Kappa Phi Forum, whose theme is "Innovation."

Works Cited: Disruptive Innovation in Cardiac Surgery

By W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr.

1 Gibbon JH Jr. Application of a mechanical heart and lung apparatus to cardiac surgery. Minn Med. 1954;37: 171–180.

2 Gruentzig A, Senning A, Siegenthaler WE. Nonoperative Dilatation of Coronary Artery Stenosis: Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty. NEJM 1979;301:63–67

3 Starr A, Edwards L. Mitral Replacement: Clinical Experience with a Ball Valve Prosthesis. Ann Surg 1961;154:726 - 40.

4 Carpentier A. Cardiac valve surgery--the "French correction" Jour Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1983;86:323 – 37

5 Cosgrove DM. The innovation Imperative. Jour Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2000;120:839 – 42

6 Andersen HR, Knudsen LL, Hasenkam JM. Transluminal implantation of artificial heart valves. Description of a new expandable aortic valve and initial results with implantation by catheter technique in closed chest pigs. Eur Heart J 1992;13:704 - 8.

7 Cribier A, Eltchaninoff H, Bash A, et al. Percutaneous transcatheter implantation of an aortic valve prosthesis for calcific aortic stenosis: first human case description. Circulation 2002;106:3006 - 8.

8 Chitwood Jr WR, Rodriguez E, Chu MW, Hassan A, Ferguson TB, Vos PW, Nifong LW: Robotic Mitral Valve Repairs in 300 patients: A Single-Center Experience. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg. 2008; 136: 436 - 41.

Works Cited: "Interdisciplinarity Through Graphic Novels"

By Jason Todd

[1] Eisner, Will. Preface. The Plot: The Secret Story of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. New York: Norton, 2005. 1-3 [3]. Print.

2 Klein, J. T. & W. H. Newell. “Advancing Interdisciplinary Studies.” Handbook of the Undergraduate Curriculum. Ed. J. Gaff  & J. Ratcliff. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. 393-415 [393]. Print.

3 For a thorough discussion of the evolution of academic disciplinarity and specialization, see Arthur Dirks's "Organization of Knowledge: The Emergence of Academic Speciality in America." http:// 

4 Zajonc, Arthur. "Attending to Interconnection, Living the Lesson." The Heart of Higher Education: A Call to Renewal. Parker J. Palmer and Arthur Zajonc. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010. 77-99 [90]. Print.

5 Tucker, Bill. "The Flipped Classroom." Education Next 12.1 (2012): 82-83. Web.

Works Cited: “Educating for Innovation”

By Michael Zimmerman

1 The piece was published on 26 March 2015 and can be accessed at



4 “Finland schools: Subjects scrapped and replaced with 'topics' as country reforms its education system” by Richard Garner, The Independent, 20 March 2015.

5 “Finland's 'teaching by topic' instead of 'teaching by subject' policy actually started in Norway 40 years ago” by Richard Garner, The Independent, 29 April 2015.


7 Evergreen alumni surveys show that 15 years after graduation approximately 27% of Evergreen alums are self-employed or own their own businesses. ( This is more than three times the national average for college graduates, according to a federal government report:

Works Cited: “Driving Growth in an Innovation Nation”

By John T. Harding 


2 Ibid



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