Online Extras Fall 2016

In This Section:



The following online extras accompany the print version of the fall 2016 edition of the ​Forum​, the theme of which is information.

'Education Must be About More Than Acquiring Information' by Michael Zimmerman

1. Eleanor Roosevelt.  1930.  Good Citizenship:  The Purpose of Education.  Pictorial Review 31: 4, 94, 97.

2. E.O. Wilson. 1998.  Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge.  New York:  Alfred A. Knopf.

3. Google Annual Search Statistics, accessed on 6 April 2016.

4. Total Number of Pages Indexed by Google, accessed on 6 April 2016.

'Somebody’s Watching: The Ever-Growing Internet of Things' by Brendan Hancock and Lauren Noorda Hancock

1. Jacob Morgan, “A Simple Explanation of ‘The Internet of Things’”, Forbes, May 13, 2014,

2. Alain Sherter, “How much should workers fear robots?”, CBS MoneyWatch, Aug. 6, 2014,

3. Today’s smart washer-and-dryer systems are being produced by companies like Samsung, Whirpool, and LG. These machines let you monitor your laundry’s progress from anywhere and get notifications when a load is finished. They can download cycles that are optimized for certain fabrics or tell you when it’s time to buy detergent. In the case of the LG Smart ThinQ washer-dryer set, you can even save money on your power bill by letting your machines automatically run at the most cost-efficient times to engage the energy grid.

4. Lono, Rachio, Skydrop, Rain Bird, and Cyber-Rain are some of the smart sprinkler systems on the market. They incorporate such features as moisture sensors, weather monitors, and broken sprinkler alerts and allow you to start, stop, delay, or adjust watering levels for the various zones of your yard, all from the app on your smartphone. The result? Less wasted water, lower water bills, and fewer trips to the sprinkler box in your garage. 

5. In November 2015, Medtronic announced the FDA approval and commercial availability of the first app-based remote monitoring system for pacemakers, which allows patients to view their pacemaker data on a smartphone or tablet and securely send that data to a physician.

6. Seriously. The Jamy Toaster is a Wi-Fi connected smart toaster that will print the day’s weather forecast, complete with cute sun or cloud icons, on your toast.

7. Yep. Smart refrigerators can keep track of exactly what food you have and how long until it will expire, play music, give you your morning news brief, and remind your husband that you’re out of applesauce via the sticky note feature on the giant tablet computer on the door.

8. An app that can use all the information coming in from cars at this moment to estimate my travel time and tell me the fastest route right now? That’s cool. An app that can use all that information from today and past days, discern patterns, and tell me today what time to leave and what route to take to make sure I’m on time to my downtown meeting next Thursday? That’s very cool.   

9. MyQ, Garageio, and Garage Door Buddy are just a few of the smart garage door opener systems on the market. They allow you to open, close, or check the status of your garage door from anywhere using your smart phone. 

10. Toyota, Lexus, Ford, Lincoln, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, and Audi are among the car companies offering vehicles with automatic parking features. Tesla cars can not only park themselves, but also be summoned to come pick you up and drive themselves in certain circumstances.

11. Dijit, iRule, RedEye, Rē, and Zmart are a few of the currently available apps that allow you to turn your smart phone into a remote for your television. Most smart TV platforms also have smart phone apps. 

12. Alain Sherter, “How much should workers fear robots?”, CBS MoneyWatch, Aug. 6, 2014,

13. Phillips Hue, Caseta Wireless, LIFX, WeMo, and Haiku Home are a few of the smart light bulb/light fixture systems available. These systems allow you to turn on or off, dim, schedule, or change the color of your lights from an app or using a voice-controlled smart home controller.

14. Crock-Pot sells a Wi-Fi enabled six-quart slow cooker that you can turn on from anywhere. Mr. Coffee sells a smart coffeemaker that can start brewing your coffee as soon as your alarm goes off. I haven’t yet found a Wi-Fi enabled microwave, so when it comes to Hot Pockets, you’re still on your own.

15. Belkin, WeMo, Lifedoo and many other companies sell smart plugs—little widgets that you stick in your electrical sockets. You can then turn or off the power to that plug from your smart phone. This helps you automate objects and appliances that don’t have their own Wi-Fi and monitor the electricity usage in your home. 

16. Amazon Echo is one example of a voice-controlled smart home controller. It’s a speaker that you stick somewhere in your house. You talk to it, and it controls the various smart objects you’ve connected it to. “Alexa, turn off the lights.” “Alexa, play me some Justin Bieber.” “Alexa, order me a pizza with extra cheese.” That kind of thing.

17. See Footnote 3.

18. See Footnote 4.

19. Amazon Fire TVs let you use a voice remote—tell the TV what you want to watch, and it will start playing in seconds. Amazon Echo lets you play Pandora stations or other music throughout your house, again using voice commands. Netflix, Hulu, Spotify, and other entertainment providers use your history to recommend things you might like.

20. Nest, a Google-owned home automation company, produces smart security cameras, as well as smart smoke and carbon monoxide detectors.

21. Nest also makes the Nest Learning Thermostat—a smart thermostat that you can control with an app or through your Amazon Echo. Telling Alexa to change the temperature works just fine, but Alexa can also learn new skills, so “Alexa, tell the thermostat I’m hot,” or “Alexa, I’m leaving,” can also prompt the appropriate adjustments.

22. Tesla cars feature a 17-inch touchscreen that features most of the car’s controls, vehicle information, entertainment and media, smart navigation, calendar, etc.

23. Many individuals and organizations have expressed concern over potential issues regarding privacy within the IoT. With smart objects in your home collecting information about you and transmitting that information back to companies, virtual strangers could learn a great deal about you and your lifestyle.

24. As more objects are connected to the Internet, more objects are vulnerable to attacks from hackers. Security researchers and hackers have exposed vulnerabilities in smart objects from automobiles to insulin pumps. Generally, when such bugs are exposed, they are quickly fixed, but the possibility of future bugs remains. 

25. Dr. Michael Littman, a professor of computer science at Brown University, said, “If users need to learn different interfaces for their vacuums, their locks, their sprinklers, their lights, and their coffeemakers, it's tough to say that their lives have been made any easier.”

'Newsfeed: Facebook, Filtering and News Consumption' by Nikki Usher-Layser

1. Pariser, Eli. The filter bubble: What the Internet is hiding from you. Penguin UK, 2011.

2. Gillespie, Tarleton. "9 The Relevance of Algorithms." Media technologies: Essays on communication, materiality, and society (2014): 167.

3. Pasquale, F., 2015. The black box society: The secret algorithms that control money and information. Harvard University Press.

4. Bakshy, Eytan, Solomon Messing, and Lada A. Adamic. "Exposure to ideologically diverse news and opinion on Facebook." Science 348, no. 6239 (2015): 1130-1132.

5. Pablo Barbera, John T. Jost, Jonathan Nagler, Joshua A. Tucker, Richard Bonneau, “Tweeting From Left to Right: Is Online Political Communication More Than an Echo Chamber?”, Psychological Science, October 2015,

6. “Blue Feed, Red Feed: See Liberal Facebook and Conservative Facebook, Side by Side,” The Wall Street Journal,

7. Michael Nunez, “Former Facebook Workers: We Routinely Suppressed Conservative News,” Gizmodo, May 9, 2016,

8. Michael Nunez, “Former Facebook Workers: We Routinely Suppressed Conservative News,” Gizmodo, May 9, 2016,

9. Arjun Kharpal, “Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg met with conservatives over the ‘trending’ bias spat,” CNBC, May 19, 2016,

10. Kashmir Hill, “Facebook Manipulated 689,003 Users’ Emotions for Science,” Forbes, June 28, 2014,

11. Zoe Corbyn, “Facebook experiment boosts US voter turnout,” Nature, Sept. 12, 2012,

'The Past, Present, and Promise of Information Literacy' by Donna Witek

1. Paul G. Zurkowski, “The Information Service Environment Relationships and Priorities. Related Paper No. 5,” 1974,, 6.

2. Ibid., 1.

3. “Presidential Committee on Information Literacy: Final Report,” 1989,

4. “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education,” 2000,

5. “Standards for the 21st-Century Learner,” 2007,  

6. “Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education,” 2015,

7. “Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education,” Information Creation as a Process and Searching as Strategic Exploration sections.

8. “Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education,” Authority is Constructed and Contextual section.

9. “Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education,” Scholarship as Conversation section.

10. Thomas P. Mackey and Trudi E. Jacobson, “Reframing Information Literacy as a Metaliteracy,” College & Research Libraries 72, no. 1 (2011). Thomas P. Mackey and Trudi E. Jacobson, Metaliteracy: Reinventing Information Literacy to Empower Learners (Chicago: Neal-Schuman, 2014).

11. Sigrid Kelsey, “Open Access Drives Change in Libraries and Scholarly Associations,” Phi Kappa Phi Forum 96, no. 1 (2016).

12. “Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education,” Information Has Value section.

13. “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education.”

14. “Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education,” Research as Inquiry section.

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