Photo Gallery and Footnotes: "The Trace of Trauma: Third-Generation Holocaust Survivors"

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Publications and Resources

by Hilene Flanzbaum

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1 Eva Hoffman, After Such Knowledge (New York: PublicAffairs Books, 2004), 13.

2 Foisson, P., et al., “Family Approach with Grandchildren of  Holocaust Survivors,” American Journal of Psychotherapy 57:4 (Fall 2003), 519-527.

3 Pierre and Perihan Rosenthal, “Holocaust Effect in the Third Generation: Child of Another Time,” American Journal of Psychotherapy 34:4 (October 1980), 572-580.
4 Foisson, et al. 519.

5 Sagi-Schwartz, A.,, “Does Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma Skip a Generation?” Attachment and Human Development 10:2 (June 2008), 105-121.

6 Marianne Hirsch, “The Generation of Postmemory,” Poetics Today 29:1 (Spring 2008), 103-128.

7 Hoffman, After Such Knowledge, 13.

8 Many accounts of Jewish American life document this phenomenon. For one explanation, see the conclusion of Arthur Hertzberg’s The Jews in America (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).

9 Martin S. Bergmann and Milton E. Jucovy, eds., Generations of the Holocaust (New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1982), 5.

10Pregnant 9/11 Survivors Transmitted Trauma to Their Children,” Neurophilosophy blog by Mo Costandi, the Guardian. Sept. 9, 2011.

11 Ibid.

12Epigenetics: DNA Isn’t Everything.” April 12, 2009.

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