Works Cited: "Lift Every Voice and Let Freedom Ring"

In This Section:

Publications and Resources

by George Henderson

Michelle Alexander. (2010). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: The New Press. Page 175.

Julian Bond and Sondra K. Wilson. (Eds.), (2000). Lift Every Voice and Sing: A Celebration of the Negro National Anthem, 100 Years, 100 Voices. New York: Random House.

Taylor Branch. (1988). Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-1963. New York: Simon & Schuster. Page 882.

Children’s Defense Fund. (2011). The State of America’s Children, 2011. Washington, D.C.: author. Available at

Charles Euchner. (2010). Nobody Turn Me Around: A People’s History of the 1963 March on Washington. Boston: Beacon Press. Page 203.

David J. Garrow. (1999). Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: Quill. Page 283.

James Weldon Johnson. (1933). Along This Way: The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson. New York: Viking Press. Pages 154-155.

Johnson. (1899). “Lift Every Voice and Sing.” 1899. Go online to, for instance:

Martin Luther King, Jr. (1963). “I Have a Dream” speech at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Go online to, for instance:

V. O. Key, Jr. (1950). Southern Politics in State and Nation. New York: A. A. Knopf.

C. Eric Lincoln. (Ed.) (1970). Martin Luther King, Jr.: A Profile. New York: Hill & Wang.

Stephen E. Lucas and Martin J. Medhurst. (2008). Words of a Century: The Top 100 American Speeches, 1900-1999. New York: Oxford University Press.

C. Vann Woodward. (1955). The Strange Career of Jim Crow. New York: Oxford University Press.

James Baldwin quote is in Lincoln’s book, page 97.

The following quotes are in the Bond and Wilson book: A. Baraka, page 16; D. Height, page 119; G. Johnson, page 140; J. Lewis, page 171; O. Okala, page 190.

For Gwendolyn Brooks’ poem “Children of the Poor,” go online to

For Langston Hughes’ poem “Harlem,” go online to

For Audre Lorde’s poem “Who Said It Was Simple,” go online to

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